Projects of single-storey houses with panoramic windows
Many dream of a cozy private house in the village. Everything was done in it with his own hands exactly as the owners wanted. Such a dwelling does not necessarily constitute a cramped "grandmother's" hut - a spacious one-story house with large windows, created in accordance with the latest design ideas, will become a dream come true, the pride of its owners. Buildings are carried out in various styles, they are completely different from each other.
Features of one-story buildings with panoramic windows
Initially, panoramic glazing was practiced in France. Until recently, similar technologies were used exclusively in a warm area, with the advent of modern double-glazed windows, covered with special compositions that significantly reduce the heat transfer of glass, panoramic windows began to be installed in settlements of the middle lane.
When designing a project, it is important to consider that not every house will be able to insert large windows. In multi-unit buildings of the mid-20th century model, they simply will not be allowed to do this, private housing after such “alterations” risks simply collapsing. Therefore, window openings are considered even at the stage of drawing a future building.
Large "French" designs have significant weight, because they are installed at least two or three.
Types of construction - advantages, disadvantages
Such buildings have many advantages:
- high level of illumination due to street light;
- modern, beautiful appearance;
- expenses of time, finance for interior decoration are reduced, since the area of the walls is less;
- huge windows adorn the facades, the interior of the building;
- the rooms seem spacious;
- the opportunity to admire the picturesque landscapes without leaving the room;
- a feeling of complete "unity with nature."
A number of disadvantages also exist:
- a similar structure will cost more than usual;
- installation of a powerful heating system is necessary - heat losses due to huge windows are great here;
- to protect the owners from prying eyes, you need large curtains, cornices of the appropriate size;
- significant waste of time washing, decorating glazed areas with curtains;
- if there are young children, additional safety measures will be required;
- in a one-story building, installation of high-quality signaling, gratings, shutters will be required to protect property from thieves, who are much easier to get into the house through a window.
Such structures are built of brick, SIP panels, natural wood, on a frame basis, from gas silicate blocks. All of them are very different in appearance, but the design will remain fashionable for many more years.
Under the roof itself, which is a gable or hip, the installation of window structures is also possible.
The brick house is the most durable, warm, respectable, monumental looking. If you have correctly installed panoramic windows, it will not become colder in it, especially when the latter are mounted on the sunny side. Glazing is usually partial, inside the house is often placed a fireplace, which not only warms the room, but also looks beautiful from the street. The construction is carried out in classical, neoclassical styles, art nouveau, Victorian, Mediterranean, etc. Windows are made from a meter or more wide, from ceiling to floor, and decorated with luxurious draperies. In the same way the attics are glazed, if any. The disadvantages of the design are a long construction process, the need for a very strong foundation.
The structure is based on a frame made of wood, metal, using sandwich panels. The latter are one of the most relevant materials in demand in modern construction, best combined with large windows. They are cheap, have low thermal conductivity. The design itself is quick, easy to assemble; it is not difficult to install double-glazed windows in it. Most often, such houses are performed in the styles of hi-tech, minimalism, Scandinavian. If there is a second floor, panoramic glazing is carried out there.
High energy efficiency of the structure is due to the fact that the walls are filled with insulation. A solid foundation is not necessary here, as the construction is relatively light. The minuses of the construction include the fact that attackers are able to penetrate into the room not only breaking the glass, but also opening the wall with an ordinary chainsaw, therefore security systems are welcome in this case.
Huge windows are also often made in wooden buildings. A small house is suitable as an exclusively country house, in a more spacious one you can live all year round, equip it with a terrace, a garage, a summer kitchen, and other necessary attributes. The house is built from logs, glued beams, hand-planed logs, etc. The construction is carried out in the style of a chalet, country, avant-garde, "Russian antiquity" and others. The warmer the region, the wider, tall windows set. It is also important to consider the quality of the double-glazed windows themselves, the power of the heating system, and the type of concrete house.
Before planning a panorama, you should determine which side the windows will go out - best of all, to the southeast, south. This aspect should be designed at the very beginning, so that the room is warm, cozy. Since huge frames have considerable weight, the supporting structures under them are made as strong as possible.
It is better to build a one-story or a house with an attic on a hill - so the view of nature, its overview will come out much wider.
The construction, made of SIP panels, equipped with huge glasses, provides not only a beautiful view, but also retains heat in the best way. The main advantages of the design:
- high strength - this type of panel is used for the construction of both one-story buildings and taller houses;
- low cost of building a mansion, even taking into account expensive glass blocks;
- thermal conductivity - many times lower than that of brick;
- the house does not require a heavy foundation, usually located on a light, tape or pile;
- the walls come out straight, there is no shrinkage.
The building is made of any size, performed in the style of country, modern, Canadian, neoclassicism, etc.
Varieties of panoramic glazing
In appearance, the windows "to the floor" perform:
- standard - most often used;
- angular - create an unusual design, light enters the room from two adjacent sides;
- bay windows - are placed in a ledge, at an angle to each other;
- false - these are panels with the landscape depicted on them, backlit or made of mirrors.
Depending on the method of opening the product, there are:
- swivel-folding - the sashes are fully swing open or slightly open for ventilation;
- in the form of an accordion - they are used mainly in hot regions, since they protect poorly from the cold;
- parallel-sliding - very tight, have excellent thermal insulation, but their insulation quickly wears out;
- lifting and sliding - the most functional, retain heat well, work almost silently.
If desired, the whole variety of designs is used within the same home ownership.
Window frames are made of various materials:
- metal - the most durable, reliable, withstanding the solid weight of huge glasses, usually treated with anti-corrosion compounds. The heat transfer of such a product is high, the design is rounded, in the form of an arch, it is used for glazing the largest spaces;
- plastic - the item is very water resistant, it comes out residually cheap, not cold to the touch, but it doesn’t look good in any interior, since it is not attractive in appearance;
- wood - used in log houses, buildings of profiled timber. The design comes out eco-friendly, energy-intensive, has a beautiful appearance, is painted or covered with transparent varnishes;
- aluminum - very durable, but it is much lighter than steel, wooden, used in very different buildings.
Panoramic glasses themselves also differ in safety of use, the level of thermal insulation of the home.
The main types:
- hardened - about five times stronger than ordinary ones. They are recommended to be installed in regions where there are often strong winds;
- triplex - laminated, consist of several plates fastened together by a film, providing a high level of strength;
- with special film - the glass is covered with a special reinforcing film that perfectly protects from ultraviolet radiation;
- energy-saving - the inner sides of the double-glazed windows are covered with the thinnest layer of silver oxide, tin, which helps to keep heat as much as possible;
- tinted, reflective - designed to design the sunniest sides;
- stained glass - colored, but as transparent as possible, used locally, as a decoration.
All glasses are subject to the following requirements:
- minimum thickness - from six mm .;
- it is desirable that all the glasses in the house be shockproof, multi-format, low emission;
- the size of the air layer inside the glass packet - from 12 mm .;
- maximum transparency - compliance with class M1.
In modern times, there are special “smart windows” that have special sensors that automatically control the microclimate. They themselves close-open, are able to repel dirt and moisture, reduce and increase transparency, depending on street lighting.
Features of installing windows in the entire wall
Self-assembly of such windows is difficult, since the products are large, heavy. To "get" a house with large windows is possible in one of the following ways:
- remove part of the wall in an existing building, insert a window there;
- to mount the structure in a house under construction, having previously drawn up the project.
Installation of the product by a team of builders will be expensive, therefore, with certain skills, as well as in order to save finances, installation is done with your own hands.
How it's done:
- if the work is done in an existing house, permission will be required to remove part of the wall, along with the window that already exists;
- after dismantling the wall, insert the frame into the resulting opening, carefully fix it, leaving a small gap;
- an electric drill in the wall, the frame drills holes for fasteners, which will require a lot;
- then the sashes are mounted, their height and degree of fit are adjusted;
- the gap between the wall and the frame is filled with mounting foam, not reaching the profile by one and a half to two cm;
- after a while the foam “reaches” the structure, dries out, all the excess can be cut off;
- it is necessary to apply a vapor barrier tape to the seams, plaster the slopes, and paint them.
Projects of rooms with panoramic windows
Panoramic objects are mounted in almost any room:
- the kitchen;
- the bedroom;
- a bathtub;
- living room;
- the balcony.
It is important that the room has few large, tall objects (furniture, decor) that can block the view from the window, and the clutter in the room does not look aesthetically pleasing when viewed from the street.
When drafting a project involving large windows, a number of important points are taken into account:
- sizes of window openings;
- what type of glazing will be - warm or cold;
- frame materials;
- varieties of glasses;
- ways to open windows;
- number of cameras themselves;
- how structures will be serviced.
Glazing is performed according to one of two technologies:
- cold - the windows are mounted on aluminum profiles using the frameless method. This is usually done in the verandas of private mansions, balconies and loggias of high-rise buildings;
- warm - during installation, use wooden or plastic profiles. Similar elements are mounted in city, village houses, office buildings. The design itself is assembled from two-three-chamber double-glazed windows.
Panoramic windows are made on a frame of vinyl, PVC, aluminum, wood, reinforced metal. Prices and quality here are very different - the cheapest items are plastic items for which there are size restrictions. Wooden, made of glued beams, are many times more expensive, metal - the most durable.
In rainy, dusty, densely populated places birds, it is most practical to put glasses that repel water and dirt - you do not have to constantly wash them.
Privacy in the bedroom is very important, since here a person sleeps, changes clothes, does some other things that are not customary to put on public display. Because curtains such as "blackout" hang here most often. More than one wall, glass is not advisable.
The most convenient will be the tape options that are most practical in terms of energy saving. Windows are placed at the level of the floor itself, 60-80 cm high or with a ceiling. The latter option does not require curtains, it is used without them at any time. Corner designs in a bedroom are usually done if the room is north, northwest. When the windows are facing south, it will be too hot, thick curtains will have to be used often, the light level is maximum.
Zones of sleep, dressing are equipped in the farthest corner of the room, covered with a screen, a thin partition decorated with stained-glass windows.
In a standard kitchen there are at least three zones - a working, a dining room, for storage. One of the places is placed near the window, while the panoramic structures themselves vary greatly:
- to the full height of the room - for large rooms, studio apartments, private mansions with a free layout. Storage places near the window are not placed here;
- the window starts 40-55 cm from the floor. It is most often used in bay windows, less often in corner kitchens where two glass walls “meet”;
- 70-85 cm from the floor level - the whole space is decorated with homogeneous windows. Under them put a dining or working table, soft sofas;
- narrow windows - tape or located immediately above the countertop. Such objects sometimes "pass" to the ceiling, providing a huge amount of daylight.
Large windows in the living room allow you to relax with friends and relatives, as if being on the veranda, while being in the warmth of your own mansion. The arrangement of furniture here is most important, but it depends on the area of a particular room. Zoning of spacious rooms is necessary - if the room is planned to sleep, such a place is placed at the maximum distance from the window. A low sofa is placed right next to the glass "wall", a coffee table - there should be no major obstacles to daylight.
Sometimes the furniture is placed U-shaped - along three walls, but excluding the window opening, completely free from closely located objects. In very small halls, armchairs are placed by the window, if necessary turning them to the window or back. Here it is permissible to place a television screen, piano, telescope, and other pleasant, functional things.
Panoramic windows are rarely done in children’s rooms - this is a matter of safety for the kids; glass in such a room will get dirty. If you still decide to install the design, you will need to install a protective fence, at least 60 cm high with often located rods, so that the baby could not put his head in there.Glasses themselves are shatterproof, heating, a safe ventilation system are thought out separately.
How to decorate a panoramic window inside the house
Like any other, a huge "French" window requires a design that matches the style of the interior. To ensure privacy, the room needs curtains - they are made of dense, multi-layer, single-row, rolled, etc. The cornice here is mounted on the ceiling or brackets above the window. If the roller blinds are hung directly on the frame, it is taken into account how the structure will look when opened for ventilation.
When the ceiling is high, it is difficult to close and open the windows manually, because it is very convenient for such rooms to be remotely controlled systems using the remote control.
Features of the heating system in the house with panoramic windows
Heating plays a big role in such houses - the heat loss is great due to the vast glazed spaces, and the installation of heating radiators placed under standard windows is problematic. Glass is a relatively cold material, in winter a “comfortable” temperature difference inside and outside should reach several tens of degrees. Here, low tubular batteries, convectors built directly into the flooring, expensive designs of heated windows will come to the rescue. Usually only one of the options described is used.
Large or small, one-story or two-story country cottage with panoramic windows, will allow you to enjoy the sunrises and sunsets without leaving the room. Ideal if the windows are facing the forest, on the sea coast, riverbank, mountains, other picturesque landscape. Before the start of construction, one should “investigate” whether capital development of the surrounding space is planned in the near future - otherwise a beautiful panorama behind glass risks turning into a series of unaesthetic concrete walls of new buildings.