The design and interior of the living room in the style of minimalism
Comfortability, high functionality of any element of the interior and unsurpassed aesthetics without frills - this is what the modern design of the living room looks like in minimalism style. A close relative of the high-tech course embodied the perfect balance of ergonomics and sophistication, thanks to which you can easily recreate the unique decoration both in a large country house and in a compact city apartment.
The origin of minimalism
The formation of minimalism was greatly influenced by general trends in the development of art and architecture. Founded in 1917, the Style movement, the Dutch community of artists, created a qualitatively new concept in the understanding of contemporary works of art. According to Dutch figures, any creation should have been rational and carry a functional load. A clear structure, aesthetics and engineering impeccability have become the cornerstones of the trend, relevant to this day.
Japanese culture, popularized in the West after the Second World War, also became a fresh sip in the development of architecture and interiors. At that time, the society was tired of pretentious and flashy design ideas and gratefully accepted the original decisions of its eastern neighbors.
The walls of New York apartments in the 20s of the last century became the cradle of the development of laconic flow. The style was transformed until the 60s, adjusting plastically to the needs of people. Having crossed the line of the new century, minimalism does not lose its charm and relevance, gaining more and more fans.
The characteristic features of minimalism are associated with the subtle interweaving of the progenitor currents and the peculiar symbiosis of eastern and western cultures.
- Removing unnecessary interior items that are not functional elements in the room.
- The abundance of natural and artificial lighting.
- Maximum unlimited space, the rejection of screens and partitions.
- The predominance of neutral and calm tones, the use of monochrome colors.
- Zoning the room with light, wall and floor finishes.
- Strict observance of proportions and symmetry when planning the arrangement of furniture.
- The perfect order in which every thing is in its place.
When designing a living room and kitchen in a minimalist style, choose lighting products that allow you to adjust the light intensity. The ability to independently select the brightness of the radiation of the lamps is not only convenient for users, but also allows you to create a cozy or romantic atmosphere in the room at the right time.
Minimalistic design is a hostage to the monochrome palette, which makes it restrained, but not at all boring. The ability to filigree to combine harmonious colors allows the designer to create modern and acceptable interior concepts for any room.
The hall is usually one of the largest rooms in the apartment, for which light shades are suitable. To recreate the atmosphere of minimalism in the interior of the living room, it is appropriate to use one of several colors characteristic of the style:
- ash gray;
- light brick or pastel ocher;
- beige or sand.
You should not avoid dark tones: exquisite graphite, soft shades of brown and blue-black are excellent tools for creating the right accents. It is only important to follow the principles of conciseness and rigor, without turning the decoration into a rippling canvas in which different colors compete in dominating each other.
Finishing a living room in a minimalist manner can only seem economical at first glance. When embodying this style, the main emphasis is not only on the appearance of the decoration, but also on the quality of the materials that create his picture. And the real price is sq. m of such building materials usually differs significantly from the average market.
Natural wood is the main source of inspiration for a minimalist designer. Not only floors and furniture can be wooden, but also decorative panels on the wall, behind which it is convenient to hide wires.
The abundance of stone, glass, glossy and polished planes create the very halo of luxurious simplicity inherent in a minimalistic flow. This atmosphere can be supplemented by introducing brickwork into the interior, uncomplicated metal structures, smooth cement surfaces, porcelain stoneware and discreet carpet.
Gender: Restrained Nobleness
Practical materials of deep dark shades are most often used to decorate the floors in the living room. The optimal solution is a monophonic floor covering made of wood or other analogs imitating it. Porcelain tile decorated with a laconic classic style carpet looks particularly elegant.
The floors can be made in bright colors, in harmony with other decoration of the room. But you must observe an important rule: the color of the floors must be darker and more saturated than the color palette of furniture sets.
Also, when forming an interior in the spirit of minimalism, it is permissible to use simple and non-pretentious linoleum, a dark parquet board or laminate and carpet, which is less practical and easy to care for, but has high aesthetic qualities and a tactilely pleasant surface.
Light walls, devoid of non-functional decor, serve as a perfect backdrop for a minimalist composition of the living room. When finishing them, you can use a wide variety of materials that can emphasize the atmosphere of rigor and restraint:
- Wallpaper suitable for subsequent coloring;
- decorative plaster;
- inserts in the form of panels made of wood or bamboo;
- smooth concrete.
By installing panels of other materials, you can effectively divide a room into functional zones. This technique is especially relevant for small living rooms in the "Khrushchev", in which often after redevelopment the hall turns out to be combined with the kitchen. You can distinguish between two areas and a bar, in which it is customary to mount the storage tanks and additional lighting.
Huge windows are the hallmark of a minimalistic trend in the interior. If possible, increase window openings if the original sizes do not meet the standards of style. When choosing metal-plastic constructions, you should not focus on boring classic white windows. Profile manufacturers offer a wide range of interesting colors that imitate wood and natural stone.
The ideal option for decorating the ceilings in the design of the living room in the spirit of minimalism is the installation of suspended and suspended structures. Usually, a designer’s choice falls on light monophonic canvases, but an interior solution in deep dark colors is acceptable.
The ceiling can be decorated with drawings, however, their selection should be treated with special responsibility:
- Images should not cover the entire ceiling surface, but should be located only over specifically allocated functional places in the living room;
- bright ornaments are unacceptable, strict monochrome prints are characteristic of minimalism.
French and false ceilings can be multi-level. Cascades allow you to equip the surface with additional spotlights, increasing the light intensity of the room. But ceiling structures do not have to be complex and ornate: focus on strict lines and simple geometric shapes.
The abundance of textiles in minimalism is bad taste. The variety of fabric decor is appropriate in the French country, and not in a restrained urbanistic course. Even if you are designing a living room in a private house, you should abandon tablecloths, wraps for upholstered furniture and a variety of decorative napkins. These interior elements can look very careless and completely contradict the main principle of the minimalistic trend, which is the absence of unnecessary and unprofitable objects.
When choosing a tulle, take a look at light plain fabrics that will not impede the penetration of natural light. Curtains can be selected in contrasting colors. The optimal combination of shades will be the choice of curtains to match the dark floor and light tulle, harmoniously combined in color with the decoration of the walls.
When choosing headsets for a living room in a minimalist style, it is important to find not only aesthetic, but also ergonomic items. Furniture should contain convenient storage niches that will hide personal items from prying eyes.
Preference should be given to low headsets with a wooden frame. Ornate carving is considered superfluous and too elaborate. Correct geometric shapes and a minimum of details are the main directions that should be guided when searching for furniture sets.
One of the principles of minimalism is maintaining symmetry. A regular corner sofa can disrupt the proportional arrangement of interior items, so such furniture should be used with caution.
In the living room of a private house, it is appropriate to install a fireplace, which not only looks aesthetically pleasing, but is also an important part of the heating system. You can finish the facade of a decorative stove with the help of stone, which will emphasize the stylistic features of the room.
Mirrors and glass surfaces are able to bring original airiness to the room and create the effect of unlimited space. For minimalism, the introduction of glass shelves on fasteners made of natural wood and elegant tables with a glass top is characteristic.
Light is an important component of decoration in any style, but minimalism is characterized by an abundance of light flux, which can be obtained by installing powerful lamps. Installing a large chandelier in the center of the room will not solve the problem of sufficient lighting. Therefore, carefully consider the layout of the ceiling luminaires.
Floor lamps and lamps, the laconic forms of which emphasize the restrained spirit of minimalism, can diversify the interior. The ability to independently adjust the intensity of the glow will be a godsend for those who plan not only to receive guests in the hall, but also spend time with loved ones in a more relaxed and romantic atmosphere.
Side and curtain lamps are ideal for lighting the perimeter of a room. With them, even a small living room will remain light and visually appear more spacious at any time of the day.
Decorative elements in minimalism
A minimum of decor and accessories is the key to maintaining the authenticity of minimalism as a trend. Impeccable orderliness and the absence of unnecessary details make the interior simple and spectacular at the same time. Any element of decoration should be not only beautiful, but also rationally useful for homeowners.
Do not forget about maintaining symmetry. Therefore, paired objects, for example, stylish floor vases or interesting sculptures, are often used as functional decor. It is appropriate to decorate the walls with laconic frames for black and white family photos, which are also respected when placed.
Solid colored neutral rug will serve as a magnificent decor for the floor. The coating can be selected both in a related color scheme, and in a contrasting shade, combined with the basic tone of the walls.
Minimalism in the interior is perfect for large rooms as well as for small rooms that need the rational use of limited space. Simplicity, restraint and emphasis on ergonomics are finding more and more fans among connoisseurs of uncomplicated and functional interior solutions.