Embroidery in the interior
Hand embroidery is a folk craft, with the help of which our ancestors decorated their life. Times have changed, professional embroidery machines have replaced needlework, the production of such products has been put on stream today. Embroidery in the interior of modern houses, apartments, has not lost its relevance. About how the ancients embroidered with their own hands, the ways of this type of needlework, successful options for using it in the modern interior design of various rooms.
The history of embroidery, presumably, began in the primitive tribes, when the distant ancestor of a man sealed several details of the skin of a mammoth with the veins of an animal, with a needle from his own bones. So the first stitches appeared, which subsequently decorated these very skins. Probably, the first attempts at embroidery symbolized the animals that the person wanted to get on the hunt, as well as the simplest household items.
Civilization developed rapidly - the oxen veins and bone needles were replaced by more convenient tools and materials. The art of color embroidery spread widely in the Ancient East - it was made on linen, silk fabrics with silk, paper, gold threads. Also, many nations practiced embroidery with woolen threads on woolen fabrics, leather, because they were the most affordable. Later, cotton fabrics and threads were invented, hemp and natural hair threads were used, as a decor - shells, pearls, precious stones, beads, various coins, bugles.
There are many types of embroidery:
- a cross;
- chenille - thin laces;
- smooth surface;
- Richelieu - openwork surface;
- half cross - tapestry sewing;
- gold, silver thread;
- beads, bugles;
- Oryol list;
- parking method;
- diamond and others
Each nation has its own unique embroidery techniques: the Japanese embroider on soft balls using the temari technique, linen, through smoothness was popular in Scandinavia, in the territory of Ancient Russia there was a different way of embroidery in each region. All Russian embroidery was divided into counted (cross, counted surface, oblique stitch, hemstitch, painting, etc.) and according to the drawn contour (stalk, tambour, Russian surface, oblique surface, Vladimir seam, etc.).
Embroidery in a modern interior
If in ancient times, embroidery was used mainly as a talisman, then in the modern world its meaning is mainly decorative. She makes the room "home", creating comfort. Embroidery can make the interior very cute or elegant, strict.
Interior styles organically decorated with embroidery:
- art believe;
- high tech;
- Art Deco;
In interior design, designers use it more and more, because this option of decoration has various advantages:
- a wide variety of options - these are different types of seams, almost any subject, subjects;
- ease of manufacture - many seams, patterns, can be done even by beginners, creating something new, beautiful;
- universality - embroidered elements will perfectly fit into any style of interior;
- low cost - in order to slightly upgrade, improve the premises, minimal investment will be required;
- in the presence of certain skills, unique decorative objects of decor are created that are used in any room of the apartment.
An interesting idea is to purchase furniture with facades for embroidery - such items are decorated with embroidery on their own. A lot of special holes were made in the plane of the facade, into which colored threads or laces are threaded - this is how the pattern turns out. The lesson will be interesting to every member of the family, especially children. Interactive facades for walls are made of metal, plastic, wood, representing a small lattice. Such perforated details adorn walls, doorways, partitions, sliding screens. Many companies also sell panels for embroidery from felt - you can mount them anywhere.
Rules for the placement of embroidered products
There are many ways of placement - the main thing is that the embroidered elements do not violate the general style of the room, do not create disharmony. Complicated paintings embroidered with fine silk threads are suitable for classic interiors, baroque, gothic, neoclassical styles. Large bright cross-stitch embellish country interior. Combinations of black, white, red - a house decorated in a Slavic ethnic style, abstract pictures - modern, minimalism, futurism.
It is important to carefully ensure that the product always remains clean, otherwise it will lose its beauty and become sloppy. It is not advisable to use many elements at the same time - just two or three different elements are enough. If embroidered objects are placed on the walls, then the wallpaper should be chosen so that they do not merge with the picture. The subject matter of the images should correspond to the purpose of the room. Large, bright canvases are placed in spacious rooms, and smaller ones in tight ones.
An embroidered picture is most often decorated with a baguette frame - if the style of the room is classic. For the loft style, a simple frame painted by hand, mainly wooden, is suitable. Glass framing fits perfectly into the high-tech room, for industrial - a frame woven from wire or assembled from an iron constructor, and painted on top with spray cans with colored paints.
For minimalism, a frame is not needed - the embroidery picture is simply pulled onto a wooden or iron base. The Provence style will appeal to a soft frame of light tones - it can be embroidered, framing a drawn picture, photo. For the Art Nouveau style, the fabric frame is decorated with buttons.
The use of different types of embroidery in interior design
Most often, the following items are decorated with embroidery:
- pillowcases for pillows, bedspreads, bed linen;
- covers for stools, covers for armchairs, chairs;
- tablecloths, napkins, towels;
- curtains, curtains;
- floor mats;
- lampshades for fixtures;
- paintings, icons;
- author's home-made furniture.
Bright paintings are embroidered with satin stitch, including one-sided, cross, half-cross, Bulgarian cross, ribbons. Dining, bedding often has openwork plain elements, rococo and Christmas trees. Diamond is not embroidery as such - it is made by laying out of shiny details, but from a distance it looks like embroidered with a cross. Overhead embroidered nets will decorate the facades of furniture, sofa cushions. Stem, forward needle, flip, vestibule, goat, tops - all of them are used in decorating a variety of objects.
In the bedroom
In the bedroom, embroidery is located on plaids, bedding, curtains, pillows. The main thing is that it should harmoniously fit into the interior. Embroidered blankets will give comfort and warm on long winter evenings. Patterns on curtains should match the tone of furniture, bedspreads, without breaking out of the general style. The bedding is done in calm tones, which contribute to falling asleep as much as possible - pink, light green, violet. The general design is recommended monochrome - for example, openwork embroidery in white on white.
Warm colors are preferred for bedrooms that the sun rarely looks into. For the "southern" rooms will suit any cold shades.
In the nursery
The room for children is decorated with embroideries with images of favorite cartoon characters. A neat night lamp with a lampshade with the image of animals will delight the baby. The romantic design of pillows, curtains, bedspreads with ribbons of delicate tones will appeal to a romantic girl over ten years old, a teenage boy will use black-and-white, blue-red paintings depicting cars, motorcycles, gadgets, animals. Very young children will like a variety of bright embroideries, toddler kids - geometric shapes, letters, numbers, words. Embroidered toys, baskets for them, will appeal to children of any age.
When decorating a child’s room, one should also take into account his opinion - perhaps he will also take an active part in decorating the interior.
In the design of the kitchen
Wooden towel hanger with special perforation and hooks is easily decorated with embroidered ornaments. Work apron, oven mitts, linen bags for bread, kitchen towels, curtains - all this should form a single ensemble, should be well combined with each other in color. Usually depicted here:
- vegetables fruits;
- coffee couples;
- ready meals;
- fireplace, hearth, stove.
Textile bags with embroidery will beautifully fit into the overall design - they usually store fragrant herbs, spices, nuts, seeds. Warm shades increase appetite, cold shades reduce it.
In the living room
Embroidered with flowers pillows, caskets, several rugs or furniture covers are ideal for the living room. In the studio apartment, the living room from the bedroom is separated by a wooden or plastic partition-net, the pattern on which you can change at least every weekend. Curtains decorated with openwork hem look good. If the dining area is located here, then an embroidered tablecloth, hot coasters will be very useful. The most common topics: a vase of fruit, a bouquet of flowers, a forest path, sea sunset. Lovers create peculiar diptychs and triptychs - the design of one wall with two or three paintings, united by a common plot.
If there are a lot of embroidered paintings in the room, they are the same size, then they should be hung on the same level. Images of different sizes, shapes are arranged in groups, the largest in the center.
In the hall
The corridor is the first place that everyone who comes to the house sees. Embroidered greetings, elegant hangers, key holders decorated with embroidery are placed here. Several small panels with floral ornaments fit perfectly into the overall decoration of the hall. If there are no windows in the hallway, a picture of a miniature window with a beautiful view from it will visually slightly expand the room. Blackout curtains embroidered with fantastic stories can separate the hallway from the living room in the studio apartment or can be located in one or more doorways. Embroidered souvenirs are placed on the shelves, and a convenient textile organizer with embroidery is suitable for storing combs, small cosmetic accessories.
In the bathroom
In the interior of the bathroom, embroidered images of bathing children, adults under the waterfall, shells, the underwater world, sailboats, motor ships are quite appropriate. Usually bath towels and bathrobes are decorated in this way. Diamond embroidery is placed on one of the walls, decorated with a plastic frame.
Embroidered paintings, products in the interior design - an actual way to decorate a private house, city apartment, even a work office. They create comfort, give a piece of home warmth to everyone who is in this room, because they are performed with love. Hand and machine embroidery go together in a modern, rapidly developing world. To improve even beginners could, special kits are sold in needlework stores.